Studies show that e-liquids are a safer and better alternative when compared to standard tobacco cigarette smoking. There are millions of smokers who want to transition to a less harmful but equally satisfying experience. Some are pros in this field, but those who are not familiar with e-cigarettes and e-liquids, it is pretty obvious, they want to know all about them. So, in this article, we’ll be listing all the ingredients of e-liquid, what goes in making it, and a couple more questions that would help the aspiring vapers to make a decision.
Starting with an introduction about the electronic cigarette – Instead of burning tobacco like in a cigarette, e-cigs work by atomizing e-liquid. E-liquids have a base mixture of propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, or a mix of the two as well as flavoring and, mainly, nicotine. E-liquids are available in pre-loaded cartridges or bottles. Alright, so that being said, let’s jump straight to What’s inside!
The Base Of E-Liquid
As you might be aware that tobacco cigarettes contain very harmful ingredients like carcinogens (responsible for causing cancer) and toxins in a total of approximately thousands of ingredients, which are very toxic and dangerous to health, leading to Lung cancer etc. While e-cigarettes have 4 or 5 ingredients consisting of Propylene Glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), distilled water, flavorings and nicotine (in some cases). Both Vegetable Glycerin and Propylene Glycol are safe for vaporizing as they are also found in pharmaceuticals and food preservatives.
These two components are the most commonly present in the e-liquid mixture. Generally, the e-juices liquid contains a mix of these ingredients in different ratios. Considering, an 80/20 PG/VG ratio will comprise 80% PG and 20% VG, but this ratio may vary from one vape to another.
So, What is Propylene Glycol?
Propylene glycol is classified by the FDA as an additive that is “generally considered as safe” for use in food. It is used to absorb excess water and maintain moisture in medicines, cosmetics, or food products. The PG used in the manufacturing of e-liquids is pharmaceutical grade, which is 99.9% pure. Although some vapers report that PG causes dryness in the mouth and limits vapor cloud production, it has been criticized that inhaling PG vapors in an e-cigarette is similar to inhaling antifreeze. However, the truth is that the state of PG used in antifreeze is in industrial grade and not in its pure form.
And What is Vegetable Glycerin?
VG is a clear liquid known as glycerol or glycerine, extracted from soybean, coconut, or palm oils. It is odorless and has a mild, sweet taste with a syrup-like consistency. VG is mainly used in the cosmetic industry but has many other uses. It provides health benefits, such as skin health, to better hydration and a strengthened gut.
Vegetable Glycerin is considered to be safe and can be ingested, inhaled like Propylene Glycerine, VG is non – carcinogenic (not having the potential to cause cancer), and non-toxic with no harmful effects on health. VG can produce impressive vapor clouds but is weak in flavor transmission, and hence it is generally blended with PG for the correct mix of vapor and flavor. VG has another advantage in that it is hypoallergenic (unlikely to cause an allergic reaction), unlike PG, which may sometimes cause an allergic reaction. Hence e- liquids are better and safer for your health compared to tobacco smoking.
A 100% VG e-liquid contains only Vegetable Glycerin without any PG. Generally used for sub-ohm vaping, this type of e-liquid has a smoother taste; it is non -allergic with a softer throat hit while being thicker and producing a lot of vapor. A person with a sensitive throat should stick to e-liquids with only VG 100%. This option is not available in tobacco smoking cigarettes hence e-liquids are better and safer for your health
Let’s Understand More About Nicotine in e-liquids
Nicotine is the addictive ingredient that keeps you pulling back to tobacco cigarettes. There is a vast difference between the nicotine in e-juice and the nicotine in a regular cigarette. You cannot measure the nicotine content in a cigarette; its level in e-juice is precisely measured and can be customized to suit the preference of the vaper. Different nicotine levels are available in e- liquids as per different marks and manufacturers, nicotine levels are generally marked as mg/ml ( milligrams per milliliter) or with a percentage.
The most commonly found strengths include:
0.0% (0mg/ml) – this level is for anyone who has altogether quit smoking but who still enjoys the experience with zero nicotine level
0.6% (6mg/ml) – lesser nicotine than the amount contained in a regular light cigarette
1.2% (12 mg/ml) – the right level for anyone who smokes light cigarettes
1.8% (18 mg/ml) – moderate nicotine level and is excellent for regular smokers and anyone who enjoys a nicotine hit
2.4% (24 mg/ml) – a higher level which is suitable for heavier smokers
3.6% (36mg/ml) – highest choice for chain smokers and those who enjoy a more potent nicotine hit.
One can choose the right strength of nicotine that best suits your preferences. If you have attempted switching to e-cigs but are still finding it difficult to quit smoking, you can try an e-liquid with a higher nicotine strength. However, if you find you are experiencing symptoms like dizziness, you can try a lower intensity and take medical advice.
Hence we conclude from the properties of PG and VG and the possibility of varying nicotine levels that each individual can have E- liquids as per their taste, which was not possible with tobacco smoking.
Steeping your E-liquids
What is steeping? Well, it is a process to improve the flavor of e-liquids by resting it, you allow it to rest for some time to enhance its flavor, which is like keeping a fine wine to age. There are many ways in which you can steep an e-liquid, but for proper steeping, there are two essential factors – patience and experimentation. E-cigarette liquids are made up of around five different components, and once it has been produced and stored, the denser ingredients have separated and settled at the bottom of the bottle. By rocking the container during the steeping process, the mix becomes homogenized.
When To Steep
You steep an e-cig juice to improve its flavor, so if you are already enjoying your e-juice, then continue enjoying it, you can simply vape straight away. You will find that you enjoy a better flavor after steeping, if you think that you aren’t enjoying your e-liquid as much as you thought you should, you can try experimenting to see if you can enhance the taste.
Properly steeping an e-liquid requires patience ( time). The easiest method involves allowing the e-juice to settle and rest. First, you should shake the bottle to mix the viscous ingredients, then put it in a cool, away from sunlight where the light will not degrade its flavor. After a week, move and shape the bottle again and then repeat for a couple more weeks. After this time has elapsed, try tasting the e-liquid, and if you are not satisfied with its flavor, keep repeating the procedure, if necessary, right up to its expiry date.
Now that you have a deep insight into the ingredients, you must be having some questions about the vape as well. As per the queries we have come across from new vapers, we have made a list of all the frequently asked questions about e-liquid.
Where Can I Store My e-juice?
The place where you keep your e-cig liquid can affect the way it tastes. As light and heat can damage the flavor, e-juices should be kept in a cool and dark place (away from sunlight). They should be kept out of the reach of children, preferably in a locked cupboard for extra safety. Store it away from any microorganisms until its expiry date. You may find that your e juice changes color over some time due to the oxidizing process. However, this will have no adverse effect on the taste. Storing e-liquids in glass bottles will help to maintain its flavor and quality, and if you put the glass bottle into a container, you will prevent air entry.
What Flavours to Choose?
Everyone has a different answer to this question, depending on their preferences and taste. To find out which e-liquid you like best, try experimenting with different brands and flavors to see which one you want. Maybe you prefer a traditional tobacco taste or fruity or dessert flavoring. You should also experiment with a range of VG/PG ratios to see which you like. However, this option is available only in e-liquids unlike in tobacco smoking
Can I Make My Own E-Liquid?
Yes, It is certainly possible to prepare your e-cigarette liquid as long as you have the right mixture. You will require bases, flavorings, and a pharmaceutical-grade nicotine liquid and an e-liquid calculator to derive the e-juice of your choice.
How to avoid Getting E-juice In My Mouth?
This shouldn’t happen, and if it does, something is not in order. When you fill your e-cigarette, you should ensure that no liquid drips into the middle pin as you need to keep it free to allow the airflow. You should also never store your e-cig upside down as this will make the e-juices run into the mouthpiece, resulting in e -juices entering in your mouth when you begin vaping. Avoid overfilling the tank and if this does happen, put a paper tissue over the atomiser’s open end and blow air hard through the battery connector end as this will force the excess out.
The maximum level of nicotine
If you feel dizziness, nausea, or headaches when vaping, it is likely you may be taking in too much nicotine. If this happens, reduce the level of nicotine in your e juice mixture to 18mg or even 11mg or 6mg. You should stop continuous vaping and pay attention to how you are feeling, as this will act as a warning if you are consuming excessive nicotine.
Maximum E-Juice Nicotine Strength
New European TPD (tobacco products directives) laws that are going to be introduced will supposedly restrict the maximum e-liquid nicotine level at 20mg per ml. It is lower than the maximum level, which is currently available in the market. However, it is still a decent amount, and a lot of people vape e-juices that have much lower strength of 18mg as slightly lower strength is suited to most former smokers if they were not used to strong cigarettes.
Maximum Bottles Size
However, a law was passed on 20th May 2016, which states that refills of e juice cannot be bigger than 10ml, and all existing stock must be sold within one year of this date. The rules are the ones that are most relevant to customers, as they limit all e-liquid to 10 mL bottles and 20 mg/mL nicotine strength. This law has been legalized to safeguard vapers from being exposed to high nicotine levels, although it is not good news for anyone who preferred to buy in bulk to save on expense.
E-liquids Problems And How To Solve Them
- Not being able to taste the e-liquid – it is a common problem which is being called “vaper’s tongue”. This happens if you consume the same flavor without variation. This is a problem that you can easily overcome by simply switching to a different flavor for some time. You should always drink plenty of water, as dehydration causes the problem.
- Using it too much – if you use multiple coils or low resistance, you’ll find you consume more e-juice. To overcome the problem, change to higher resistance coils or use a device that has fewer coils.
- E-liquid has changed its color and flavor over time – if you stock up on your favorite characters and you may find that after a few weeks, the flavor and color have changed, this is a normal process. Chemical changes happen with time, and this may work in your favor by improving the taste in some cases, and sometimes it may make it contrary. The solution is to use e-liquid before it turns brown and gets oxidized. Although steeping for a while can benefit many e-liquids, many have a “sweet spot” when the flavor is at its best. You may need to do some trial and error to find the perfect spot for your favorite flavor.
Based on the above details, and according to multiple scientific types of research, it can be inferred that it’s safer, healthier to use e-cigarettes than smoking. With e-liquids, you can choose from a wide range of nicotine levels and select flavor as per your taste. It is just like making your coffee as per your taste like with no sugar or with one sugar cubes or 2 as per your taste.
We hope that we were able to answer all your questions! If we missed anything, you can comment on this blog or reach Ejuice Avenue via call or email. Happy Vaping!